What do you find annoying in your home? What would make you more comfortable?
Shading remains a daily routine
I think the number one item on the list of what to make automatic in a home is shading/motorising blinds. The problem is that turning old school, manual blinds into motorised ones requires a pretty significant modification. I have yet to see a solution that requires no 220V and that would work with a later addition to move your blinds. So you should suck it up and accept that this problem can’t be solved: you’re going to be stuck with manually controlling the blinds.
The number 2 item on the list is lighting. The situation here is much better than with the blinds. Now even IKEA offers a solution that, after a few months’ use, I’d be happy to recommend. Retrofitting your home with automated lighting is easy because all you need to do is replacing the light bulbs in your lamps with smart bulbs.
Before going any further, here’s a little introduction to the most common light sockets and their names:
E27: the most widespread thick, screw-in bulb
E14: the little brother of the previous one, but not with regards to the bulb size; the screw threads got thinner.
G10: this bulb is characterised by two pins that must be screwed into place
Before you start buying lightbulbs from memory (don’t do it!), go around your place and make a list of lightbulbs based on the following:
1) hallways: lobby, corridor, garage: you typically need light in these rooms only while you’re there. I’d suggest using motion sensor lights set to 1 minute. (https://www.ikea.com/us/en/catalog/products/20338944/)
2) rooms without windows: toilet, pantry. My suggestion is similar to version 1) above, but the motion sensor should be set somewhat longer, to 5 minutes maybe. You may get lost in your thought while going about your business here… The motion sensor, of course, will only know you’re there if you move. If darkness happens to descend on you, you can bring the light back by waving.
3) rooms that require constant light: kitchen. I suggest using a very dim light with motion sensor for the times when you hunt for your night-time snack, plus the old-school manually controlled lights that you can control as you need.
4) rooms that need mood lighting: living room, sitting room. I would use a motion sensor floor-light for going around at night, and I would use manual control for the other lights to control the intensity and colour of the lighting. Making these lights smart means that you may turn the lights on and off with a smart phone app. The selection is huge, pick according to your heart’s desire: https://www.ikea.com/us/en/catalog/categories/departments/lighting/smart_lighting/
Of all of these, my favourite is clearly the motion sensor light bulb. You can set it to stay on for 1-5-10 minutes after it detects the last movement, and to only switch on when it’s dark outside and you need artificial light. These two options and the fact that these bulbs operate independently of everything will turn your home smart in a snap. You can forget about the existence of most light switches.
Let’s tackle the main counter-argument right now: if your light is set to be on for 5 minutes, if you leave the room after just one minute, the light is on unnecessarily for 4 minutes. This is true but with today’s LED technology this is only marginally wasteful. You’d be much worse off leaving the light on accidentally for a night. So focus on solving this problem – it happens to many of us.
Less important kinds of automation
Having discussed the two top choices for home automation, let’s look at the less important options, which nonetheless do make your home more comfortable.
Infra-red washbasin taps: Since you’re retrofitting your home, only battery-operated taps can be used. In my experience, you won’t need to worry about replacing the battery more than once a year at most.
(Search for “infra basin taps” phrases.)
Bluetooth-compatible speakers in the living room: you can turn these on any time with your phone. The selection of these is really wide. You should decide first what you would want to use it for. By and large, there are three objectives:
background music (any kind of speaker would work but it should be small)
listening to music (independent solutions are available to buy. These are bigger; but they also give you better sound quality)
watching films (the amplifier must be Bluetooth-capable)
There are two ways to make power outlets more usable:
- they should work not only as 220V-power outlets but also as USB chargers (for example,
- they should allow control from a cell phone
For increased safety, your smoke detector and carbon monoxide detector should also be smart. This way you’ll know if there’s a problem even when you’re away: www.nest.com
If you take these pieces of advice, you’ll end up with a 21st century home. And you haven’t even need to call a bricklayer or computer expert to achieve it.